Porto-Novo, also called “Parangipettai” (பரங்கிப்பேட்டை),
Historically called Porto Novo is a panchayat town in Cuddalore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.PortoNovo is situated on the north bank of the mouth of Vellar at a distance of 32km from Cuddalore and 22Km from Chidambaram. Porto Novo was an important trade centre during colonial era. Portuguese were the first European settlers of this place from whom it passed into the possession of the Dutch and finally handed it over to the English in 1824. This town has a large Muslim population engaged mostly in sea-trade. Today, Parangipettai is mainly a fishing village. Parangipettai has a Marine Biology Station affiliated with the Annamalai University.
Parangipettai means “the place of foreigners” in Tamil. The town was called Porto Novo by the Portuguese who controlled the region from early 16th century to early 18th century when they were defeated by the British. This town was also called as “Mahmood Banthar” by the time of Mughal Empire period. The town flourished as an industrial centre during the British rule, Iron made here was exported to England. The Second Anglo-Mysore War was also fought here between Hyder Ali and the British under Sir Eyre Coote in July 1781.
As of 2001 India census GRIndia, Parangipettai had a population of 20,901. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Parangipettai has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 69%. In Parangipettai, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
|By road||22 kms from Chidambaram|
|32 kms from Cuddalore|
|52 kms from Pondicherry|
|Nearest Rail Hub||Parangipettai|
|Nearest Airport||Trichy (145 kms)|
|Chennai (229.48 kms)|
|Chidambaram(Local buses avail from Chidambaram)|